This documentary examines the 100-year history of Israel's kibbutz movement, recreating its glorious past and chronicling its recent decline. The kibbutz movement was a successful experiment in pure communism, but can it keep going? Can it get through the trails of being radically socialist in a capitalist world? The film focuses on the heartbreak and hope of the modern kibbutz as a new generation struggles to ensure its survival.
This sharp, often hilarious satire that became the most successful film in Israeli history, is about new immigrants Sallah and his family, who are left in a shack near their promised apartment and are abandoned for months. A Yemenite Jewish family that was flown to Israel during "Operation Magic Carpet"--a clandestine operation that flew 49,000 Yemenite Jews to Israel the year after the state was formed--is forced to move to a government settlement camp. The patriarch of the family, portrayed by Chaim Topol, tries to make money and get better housing, in a country that can barely provide for its own and is in the midst absorbing hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees from Arab countries. This hilarious portrayal of immigrants in Israel won a Golden Globe Award and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Film, putting Israel on the international film stage for the first time.